Mumbai is the capital city of Maharashtra. It is one of the largest metropolitan areas in the world and India’s economic centre. The country's most important seaport, the Jawaharlal Nehru Port, is also located here. It is one of the largest natural ports worldwide and has become one of the most significant transfer sites at the Arabian Sea. The megacity generates more than a quarter of Maharashtra’s gross domestic product. Apart from that, almost half of the Indian foreign trade is transacted here. The economically most significant branches are the finance, cotton, chemical, car and electronics industry.
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The Gateway of India was built from 1911 to 1924 in honour of the visit of King George V to India. Later on, it was used for the entrance ceremonies of the Viceroys of India. The monument heads towards the Arabian Sea and has become the symbol of Mumbai. It is a favoured spot for tourists to take some nice selfies.
The train station was built in 1887 under the name Victoria Terminus. It is the headquarter of the Indian central railways. In 1996 the railway station was renamed after Chhatrapati Shivaji, the founder of the Maratha Empire. The building was declared UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2004.
The Elephanta Caves are named after Elephanta Island, which has its name due to huge stone statues of elephants found on the island. The island is a UNESCO World Heritage site with many cave temples that are mostly dedicated to Lord Shiva. It can be reached by boat from Mumbai.